Renal failure is a pathological condition that occurs in a variety of diseases and is characterized by impairment of all kidney functions. In some stages this drug helps: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/fresubin.
Figures and facts:
Kidney failure is not a specific disease. It is a pathological condition that can accompany a variety of diseases, including those whose cause is outside the kidneys.
Depending on the rate of progression of pathological changes, we distinguish between acute and chronic renal failure.
Acute renal failure occurs in 200 of every 1,000,000 people in Europe each year.
In more than half of the cases, acute renal failure is associated with renal trauma or surgery. In recent years, the number of patients with impaired renal function due to improper use of medications has increased 6-8-fold.
The prevalence of chronic kidney failure is 600 cases per 1,000,000 inhabitants of Europe per year.
Glomerulonephritis used to be the main cause of chronic renal failure. Now diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension are in the first place.
In Africa, parasitic and viral diseases are the most common causes of chronic kidney failure.
Causes of acute renal failure
Classification of acute renal failure, depending on the causes:
Prerenal. Is caused by impaired renal blood flow. Not enough blood enters the kidney. As a result, the process of urine formation is disturbed, in the renal tissue there are pathological changes. Occurs in about half (55%) of patients.
Renal. Associated with pathology of the renal tissue. The kidney receives a sufficient amount of blood, but cannot form urine. Occurs in 40% of patients.
Postrenal. Urine is formed in the kidneys, but can not drain because of an obstruction in the urethra. If an obstruction occurs in one ureter, the function of the affected kidney will take over the healthy kidney – renal failure does not occur. This condition occurs in 5% of patients.
Causes of chronic renal failure
Congenital and hereditary kidney disease.
Kidney damage in chronic diseases: gout, diabetes, urolithiasis, obesity, metabolic syndrome, cirrhosis of the liver, systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, etc.
Various diseases of the urinary system in which there is a gradual blockage of the urinary tract: urolithiasis, tumors, etc.
Kidney diseases: chronic glomerulonephritis, chronic pyelonephritis.
Improper use, overdose of medications.
Chronic poisoning with various toxic substances.