Obesity is a disease characterized by excessive accumulation of fat in the body, leading to an increase in body weight. In most cases, obesity develops due to excessive food consumption (90% of cases), low energy expenditure (sedentary lifestyle) and metabolic disorders. Various remedies help against it, including this: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/ecoslim.
Obesity is an increase in body weight by 20% or more of the norm, due to the growth of adipose tissue. This disease causes not only psychophysical discomfort, but also spinal, joint, sexual and other disorders. Obesity increases the risk of life-threatening diseases such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, stroke, myocardial infarction, kidney and liver disease. In addition, obesity can lead a person to disability. Diseases such as flu, acute respiratory viral infections, pneumonia, and many other diseases in patients with obesity occur more severely and for longer, often with a number of complications.
The development of obesity is promoted by: frequent overeating; improper diet (eating at night, excessive consumption of carbohydrates, fats, salt, sodas, alcohol and other unhealthy and harmful foods); inactive lifestyle (for example, sedentary work); hereditary predisposition; diseases of the nervous system (damage to the brain area that is responsible for eating behavior); endocrine diseases (tumors, hypothyroidism, hypogonadism); taking some medications (hormones, antidepressants, etc. ); insomnia, stress; physiological conditions (pregnancy, lactation, menopause).
The degree of obesity is determined by body mass index. Body mass index (BMI) is calculated using the formula: body weight (kg) / height (m) squared. Normal BMI is 18.5 to 25 kilograms per square meter. Differentiate between the following degrees of obesity.
Obesity. This degree is characterized by the presence of 25-29.9% overweight compared to the norm. Is considered the initial form, the main symptoms of obesity are absent. Well amenable to correction by compliance with the right diet and exercise.
Grade 1 obesity. It is characterized by the presence of 30-34.9% deprivation of weight. Outwardly, this degree is already more pronounced. It is often considered not as a disease but as a cosmetic defect. The first signs of obesity – swelling, sweating, shortness of breath, etc. – begin to appear. This is the stage at which it is necessary to begin to take steps to combat excess weight.
Obesity degree 2. Being 35-39.9 % overweight. This degree is already more pronounced – significant fat deposits are visible. You have symptoms of obesity, reduced ability to work and motor activity. Start fighting this kind of obesity urgently, because it can quickly develop into 3rd degree obesity.
Grade 3 Obesity. It is characterized by being 40 percent or more overweight. This degree is very easy to tell by its appearance. At this stage, almost all the symptoms of obesity appear: shortness of breath, even at rest, swollen feet, headaches, disorders of the cardiovascular system, etc. A person becomes difficult to serve himself. It is necessary to see a specialist (endocrinologist and nutritionist) urgently and begin treatment!
Treatment of obesity, ie, weight loss is carried out comprehensively and includes: diet, exercise, medications (prescribed by the doctor), treatment of complications (if any).
For the treatment of grade 1 and 2 obesity proper diet and exercise is sufficient.
It is necessary to limit consumption of fat, sweets and flour. In the diet of the emphasis should be placed on the use of fruits, vegetables, vitamins and minerals. The diet should be divided into small portions, with light snacks between meals. The last meal should be no later than 3-4 hours before bedtime. If weight loss at any stage of the proper diet, stops, you can arrange once a week discharge day, but only after consulting your doctor. Important! For the appointment of a proper diet you should consult a nutritionist! It is not recommended to use starvation and wrong diets, as in the future it may not only make the treatment of obesity worse but also damage your health!
Physical activity does not imply a mandatory trip to the gym, although if health permits, it is better to do so. You should start small – do daily morning exercises, go for walks in the fresh air, swim, ride a bike, play volleyball, soccer or badminton. Exercise should not be excessive, the duration and intensity should be increased gradually.
To reduce weight it is necessary to observe the following recommendations: drink 1 glass of warm water every morning on an empty stomach; replace black tea with green tea; drink fresh fruit and vegetable juices; eat fresh fruit, vegetables and herbs (at least 500 g daily); not to eat fresh bread – replace it with yesterday’s bread, but better toast; cook food better boiled, stewed or baked (it is important to avoid frying); once a week organize a day of rest; do sports.
What would always be in good shape, to have a normal weight, you need to follow some obesity prevention rules: eat right, arrange a day off, keep an active lifestyle, give up bad habits. Compliance with such simple recommendations will help to keep your weight in check, be healthy and active.