Symptoms and lab signs of diabetes
Diabetes mellitus is almost the most common disease in the world: according to official statistics, about 6% of the world's population suffer from it.
And most health professionals agree that this data does not reflect reality: more than half of the cases are undiagnosed, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.
Dr. Denis Slinkin argues that early detection of diabetes can significantly increase life expectancy and prevent many complications.
We will talk about what signs indicate elevated blood glucose levels and what studies are worth doing to make sure that there is no disease.
Diabetes, regardless of its type, is always the same - cells stop "extracting" energy from glucose and the substance in its undivided form accumulates in the body.
Violation of metabolic processes is due to a lack of the hormone insulin, which is responsible for the absorption of sugars. However, the causes, characteristics and symptoms of different types of diabetes are different.
In diabetes type 1, insulin is not produced by the body due to significant damage to beta cells of the pancreas in autoimmune attack.
The emergence of the disease is often preceded by viral infections. Usually this type of diabetes is independent of the patient's physique and occurs at an early age - in children, adolescents and young people under 25 years.
The 2nd type, according to different data, includes up to 95% of all diabetes cases. In contrast to type 1, the body continues to produce insulin, but it is misunderstood by the cells and is not absorbed.
It provokes the development of obesity (especially the accumulation of fat in the abdomen and waist area), hereditary factors, inactive lifestyle, improper diet. Diabetes type 2 is a disease of the mature age, it is more susceptible to citizens over 45 years.
Gestational diabetes is a rather rare and, fortunately, temporary type that develops only during pregnancy and disappears with its termination.
The development of the disease can be considered an individual reaction of the body: the hormones produced block the perception of insulin cells of the future mother.
In some cases, the pancreas simply can't cope with double production of insulin - the result is gestational diabetes. Risk factors include late birth (over 40 years), smoking, overweight, heredity, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.